The kind of decking materials you choose defines your deck, and also shapes your budget. There are more choices today than ever on the kinds of materials for decking. Most decking boards come in specially manufactured or milled sizes that are thicker than 1 inch (called five-quarter), and are 4 to 6 inches wide with rounded edges that resist splintering or warping. There are various decking materials used today. Here are some kinds of decking materials.
1. Tropical Hardwoods
The Ipe and other tropical hardwoods are the best choice for decking and they will last longer than others, even up to 60 years or even more. Ipe wood is so hard, insects resistance and fire resistance wood, it doesn’t accept stains or clear finishes very well; use an oil-based penetrating sealer formulated for tropical decking boards. Always make sure the tropical hardwood decking boards you buy come from sustainably harvested sources.
Cedar is widely available, lightweight, and strong, cedar decking makes for a beautiful deck. The cedar wood has a naturally occurring oils, as well as tannins that makes it resistant to rot and insects damage, hence protecting the wood with sealer and stains helps keep the cedar wood free of splinters as well as cracks. Without proper care, both cedar and redwood will eventually turn a soft gray color.
Composite decking boards and other related synthetics are the fastest-growing segment of the decking board industry, the composite decking are made from recycled plastics and wood fibers hence, they won’t splinter or warp, and the composite are resistant to insects and rot. Composite decking has the advantage of being virtually maintenance-free, and other synthetic decking. Improved manufacturing has helped composite decking boards look and feel like real wood.
Composites come in different colors and textures that closely approximate real wood. Composite also offers design versatility, pros have apparatus for heating planks so they can be bent to make eye-catching designs.
Redwood shares similar characteristics with cedar, it is the classic choice for natural wood decking material. Although redwood decking is generally available in the West, it can be harder to find in the eastern regions of the country. Redwood is expensive than cedar, with select, clear grades of redwood commanding top dollar.
Aluminium decking is strong, weatherproof, insect-proof as well as rot-proof. Aluminium decking boards are lightweight and can easily be cut with special saw blades. The extruded aluminium planks are finished with a thick, slip-resistant coating that comes in many colors and is maintenance-free. Special fasteners are required to secure the decking to your deck’s substructure. Aluminium can not catch fire, wood-boring bugs hate it, and it’s 100 percent recyclable.
6. Pressure-Treated Wood
The pressure-treated wood is one of the least-expensive decking materials you can buy. Pressure-treated decking is durable, readily available coast-to-coast, and easy to stain virtually any color, it is used on about 75% of all U.S. decks. It is chemically treated to in order to resist insects, mold, and rot, as well fungal attack. However, it is usually made from inferior-grades of fir or pine that tend to warp and crack over time, making maintenance an ongoing routine. In the past, pressure-treated wood was treated with chromated copper arsenate, a suspected carcinogen. But today pressure-treated wood uses less-toxic and safer preservatives.